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In general, the buildings are designed based on the applied loads on them, and these buildings generally have elastic structural behaviour. However, these structures may be subjected to unexpectedly strong seismic forces that exceed their elastic limits. In order to find the rigidity and load-bearing trend of the building without the formation of plastic hinges and failure, pushover analysis should be performed. Pushover analysis is a non-linear static analysis in which the structure is subjected to lateral loads, so some parameters are recorded, such as failure, formation of plastic hinges, and yield. The elastic stiffness factor is the ability of a building to bear the loads on it before the failure and existent of the plastic hinges. In this study, pushover analysis had been done on 12 two-dimensional reinforced concrete frames with a different number of stories, different span lengths and with or without shear walls to find the effect of the span length, shear wall and the number of stories on the elastic stiffness factor. After performing the pushover analysis, the elastic stiffness factor had been evaluated from the pushover curve by dividing the base shear over the lateral displacement at the first point of the occurrence of the plastic hinge. The results obtained from the study showed that the elastic stiffness factor increases with the increase of the span length, while it decreases with the increase of the number of stories. As well, the frames with shear walls are stiffer than the frames without shear walls.
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